We want to answer these questions first – Somalia we want

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  1. What is the Somalia we want?
  2. We want a Somalia that is free of violent, conflict and war! What leadership does produce to get that result?
  3. We want a Somalia that is free from poverty! What kind of leadership do we need to create to end that poverty?
  4. We want Somalia that is driven by inspiration and unity for all! Where is the leadership, how do we create?
  5. We want Somalia that is free from corruption! How do we produce a leadership that is not corrupt?

 

These are the questions we have to answer and it’s not easy to answer. But we need critical self-assessment of ourselves as Somalis.
We’ve to discuss about qualities of leadership, challenges will face and so on.

 

For example, let’s say performance of the current president whose term ended on 8th February,2021 and is being in the office for 4 years and now trying to extend.

  1. Did Farmaajo provide this kind of leadership that is suitable for this Somalia we want? What did he go wrong?
  2. Does he deserve to give extension to correct his mistakes or he has to step down?

 

Let’s go to what we’re supposed to do, so that we sit as people of the country and say to the president:

You’re Misbehaving.
You’re stealing public resources
You’ve accessed power in order to put money in your pocket or oppress.
This is not the leadership we want
You’re not helping but deserting

But, we’re not doing that absolutely because we’re afraid; we’re afraid to speak frankly to one another about the wrong thing we do, and I think if we don’t do that. We will need a century a head to discuss the same questions.

In conclusion, I think that critical self-assessment of the country is necessary and I mean really critical, truthful self-assessment, that is really an important steps forward in terms of producing this kind of leadership which Somalia want.

 

LONG DEBATE A HEAD. 

 

Abdikarim Mohamed
Director & CEO of Hawraar Institute
Hawraar Institute is a Somali think tank that conduct research & advocacy on democratic governance, regional peace and security, HR, and counter-radicalization.

SAAMEYNTA UU COVID19 KU YEESHAY HAY’ADAHA WAXBARASHO EE DALKA GAAR AHAAN ISKUULLADA IYO JAAMACADAHA.
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Ka dib markii uu ka dilaacay dunida Caabuqa COVID19 bilawgii sannadka 2020, waxay guud ahaan waddamada dunida wajaheen dhibaato dhinac walba ah, waxaana inta badan dunida lagu soo rogay bandoow (Lockdown), waxaa la joojiyey isu-socodka gaadiidka, dadka iyo waxbarashada. Arrintani ayaa horseeday masiibooyin badan oo ay ka mid tahay in dhaqaalaha waddamo badan ay dhulka galaan, Waxbarashada oo istaagtay. Dalal badan ayaa isla markiiba ka falceliyey kana hortagay caabuqa Koronavirus taas oo u suurtogelisay awooddooda dhaqaale, tayada nidaamka caafimaad iyo hoggaanka dalkaasi.
Soomaaliya oo ka mid ah waddamada ku yaalla barriga Afrika lana daalla dhacayey dagaalo sokeeye muddo 30 sanno ah sidoo kalena uu burbur xooggan soo gaaray inta badan kaabayaasha dhaqaale oo ay ugu horeyso Nidaamka Caafimaad ayaa Kiiskii ugu horeeyey ee COVID-19 laga helay 16-kii Maarso, 2020. Hay’adaha caafimaad oo aan u diyaarsaneyn ka falcelinta Caabuqa iyo ka wacyigelinta shacabka ayaa isku dayey tallaabo kasta oo ay ugu hortagi karaan Koronavirus. Dowladda ayaa xilligaas amar ku bixisay in la xiro dhammaan Xarrumaha Waxbarasho ayna dadka raacaan tallaabooyinka caafimaad si looga hortago caabuqa Koronavirus. Ka dib Xeritaanka Goobaha waxbarasho waxay bahda waxbarashada isku dayeen inay qaadaan tallaabo aan loo diyaargaroobin oo aheyd ka faa’ideysiga Aalladda Fogaan Aragga si loo sii joogteeyo casharada.
NIDAAMKA WAXBARASHO EE FOGAAN ARAGGA
Inta badan xarrumaha waxbarasho ee dalka ayaa ah kuwo gaar loo leeyahay, waxayna go’aansadeen inay sii joogteeyaan bixinta aqoonta ay u gudbinayaan ardayda dalka iyagoo adeegsanaya Nidaamka Foggaan Aragga ee Waxbarasho (Online Education Platforms). Caqabadihii ugu adkaa ee lala kulmay ka dib xeritaanka xarrumaha waxbarasho waxaa ka mid ahaa in ardayda aysan u diyaarsaneyn isticmaalka aalladda Kombuyuutarka iyo nidaamka fogaan aragga taas oo arday farabadan ka hor istaagtay inay la socdaan ardayda kale ee dhigooda ah.
Sidoo kale macallimiinta ayaa ka mid ahaa dadka saameynta xooggan ka soo gaartay xeritaanka iskuullada iyagoo lagu qasbay inay isticmaallaan aalad aysan aqoon u laheyn si ay casharo u siiyaan ardayda. Macallimiin badan oo aan weydiinay dhibaatooyinka ay la kulmeen ayaa sheegay:
– In ay ku adkeyd isticmaalka nidaamka waxbarasho ee fogaan aragga, mana loo tababarin sida loo isticmaalo barnaamijyada (features) ay aalladu ka sameysan tahay.
– Xiriirka ardayda iyo macallinka oo aad u liitay, maadaama macallinku uusan haysanin awood uu ku xakameeyo fahanka iyo dhageysiga ardayda ee casharada la bixinayo.
– Macallimiinta qaar ayaa sheegay in mushaarkooda la dhimay, halkaasna ay kala kulmeen dhibaato dhaqaale oo aad u baaxad weyn.
Wasaaradda waxbarashada ma laheyn qorsho ay ku hagto nidaamka waxbarasho ee fogaan aragga ah, ma jirin garab dhaqaale, tababar ama talo ay la wadaagtay xarrumaha waxbarashada.
WACYIGELINTA COVID19
In kastoo ay dowladda dalka ka jirta ay sameysay Xarun Wicitaan ay la soo xiriiraan shacabka si wacyigelin loo siiyo haddana waxaa aad u liitay iskaashiga wadashaqeyn ee kala dhaxeeyey bahda waxbarashada.
SAAMEYNTA WAXBARASHO UU KEENAY COVID19
Inta lagu jiray sanadkii lasoo dhaafay ee 2020 ayaa aad looga dareemay dalka saameynta xun uu COVID19 u keenay ardayda ka dib markii 8,550 arday oo ka dhigan 25.35% ardayda imtixaanka gashay oo aheyd 33,727 ay ku dhaceen Imtixaanka Dhammaadka Sanad-dugsiyeedka fasallada 12-aad. Ardayda ugu badan ee ku dhacay imtixaanka ayaa deegaan ahaan ku sugnaa Gobolka Banaadir oo ah halka uu ka dillaacay Caabuqa Coronavirus.
Warbixintani ayaa si kooban uga hadleysa sida Caabuqa Coronavirus u saameeyey Bahda Waxbarashada Dalka. Warbixinta ayaa si gaar ah diiradda u saareysa Dugsiyada sare iyo Jaamacadaha oo u tallaabay Nidaamka Waxbarasho ee Fogaan Aragga (Online Education Platform) si ay u joogteeyaan casharada ay bixinayaan. Waxaa isbedel ku yimaaday nidaamka iyo qaabka cashar bixinta, xiriirka macallinka iyo ardayda, anshaxa iyo dhaqanka ardayda iyo arrimo kale oo ay ka mid tahay habka lacag bixinta.
GUNAANAD
Warbixintaan oo ka kooban 18 bog oo luuqadda English-ka ah ayaa lagu falanqeeyey Xaallada Coronavirus ee dalka, saameynta waxbarasho iyo dhaqaale iyo isbedelka nidaamka waxbarasho ee dalka. Warbixintani ayaa soo jeedinaysa tallooyin wax ku ool ah ee la xiriira Nidaamka Waxbarasho ee dalku wajahay iyo waxa la gudboon bahda waxbarashada.
Sidoo kale muhiimadda ay leedahay in maalgeshi ballaaran lagu sameeyo Nidaamka Waxbarasho ee Fogaan Aragga ah (Online Education Platforms).
Ka degso halkaan warbixinta oo dhameystiran – DOWNLOAD HERE
Mahadcelin

 

W/Q: Agaasime

Abdikarim M. Hussein
Agaasimaha Machadka Cilmi-baarista iyo Daraasaadka Siyaasadda iyo Amniga;
Hawraar Institute for Research & Security Studies
Mr. Abdikarim M. Hussein

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Hawraar Institute for Research & Security Studies
Examining impact of Covid-19 on higher education Institutions In Somalia

The coronavirus (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease that affects the education system of different income level countries (Wajdi et al., 2020). The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been recognized that the coronavirus pandemic outbreak has impacted the educationsystem in the world (UNESCO, 2020b). A lot of pandemics have occurred in human history, and affected human life, education system, and economic development in the world (Editors, 2020). The World Health Organization (WHO) (WHO, 2020a) on March 11, 2020, has officially announced that coronavirus (COVID-19) is a pandemic after it covers 114 countries in 3 months and infects more than 118,000 people in the world. The first COVID-19 case has reported by Wuhan Municipal Health Commission on December 31, 2019, in the Hubei Province, China (WHO, 2020b). The coronavirus pandemic is quickly spreading and affecting 213 territories and countries throughout the world. In the world about 30,086,319 of total cases, 21,833,645 of total recovered and 945,962 of total deaths were recorded until September 17, 2020 (Worldometer, 2020).
Due to the boundless of Corona infection’s (Corona virus) in Somalia, following the education center’s essentials of “determined educating and learning,”. Most Somali schools and universities have started internet preparing. During a short period, an outsized number of representatives started to educate before a PC screen, and their understudies got the chance to stay to gathering and take the courses through the on the Zoom meetings platform and google class meetings (Abdikarim, 2020).
After first case of COVID-19 confirmed in Somalia on 16th March, 2020, the Public and private health systems were weak and not prepared to face the epidemic. Soon after the education centers were ordered to close down and people are urged to take measures preventing COVID19. Most of education institutes in Somalia are private and preferred to continue providing their lectures through teaching to online platforms as alternative approach. The main aspects during this restrictions includes that most students were not equipped using computer devices and online platforms that made their learning more difficult.
Thereafter, the country faced its worst for months government, businessmen and scholars joined powers to prevent the pandemic, this includes establishing hot line call center 449 for emergency response for people to receive awareness and health care services, for the first three months the cases reached its’ peak and then after months cases dropped till end of August, 2020 where only less than 10 cases where reported, and all educational institutions in the country reopened.
During that time COVID19 impact on the closure of schools led to the dramatic fall down of the high school after examination marks in decade. The students who failed the high school final exam were mostly students from the Banadir region where COVID19 cases at highest.
This report briefly explores how COVID-19 impacted the higher education sector in Mogadishu. The brief puts special emphasis on universities and secondary schools shifted to online schools, the teaching format, communication between students and the teachers, disciplines of the student during online class; financial glitches of the universities and schools and lastly effects it could have this upcoming examination on May or June, 2021. The report last gives conclusions and recommendations on education policies and importance to invest online education platforms.

Download report here

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February 2021 Monthly Forecast

Somalia

Expected Council Action

In February, the Council is expected to renew its authorisation of the AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), due to expire on 28 FebruaryThe Council is scheduled to be briefed on the Secretary-General’s report on the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), which is due 13 FebruaryJames Swan, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia and head of UNSOM, will brief the Council. Ambassador Geraldine Byrne Nason (Ireland), chair of the 751 Somalia Sanctions Committee, will also brief the Council on the activities of the committee. 

 The mandate for UNSOM expires on 31 August 2021. 

Key Recent Developments

Because of an ongoing political dispute between the Somali Federal Government, led by President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed “Farmajo”, and leaders from two of the country’s federal member states, Puntland and Jubalandparliamentary elections scheduled for December 2020 have been postponedIn September, the five leaders of the federal member states and Farmajo reached an agreement, subsequently endorsed by Parliament, for parliamentary elections to be held from 1 to 27 December and presidential elections on 8 FebruaryAt the time of writing, a date for the parliamentary elections had yet to be set, and the presidential elections seem likely to be postponed 

According to international media reports, there are several reasons for the disagreements between the federal government and the Jubaland and Puntland governments. These include claims that, based on long-standing precedent, Farmajo should not be allowed to run for another term and that he has attempted to bypass Somalia’s electoral laws by installing loyalists on polling committees charged with coordinating the parliamentary elections. Given the logistical and security challenges of holding direct elections (Somalia has not held direct elections since 1969), a modified indirect electoral process was agreed last yearThis system allows clans delegates to choose members of the lower house of parliament, who will in turn choose the president. 

During an Informal Interactive Dialogue (IID) with Council members on 20 January, Somali Foreign Minister Mohamed Abdirizak Mohamud explained that the federal government aimed to organise the elections in a timely manner and would like to start this process regardless of Jubaland and Puntland’s position on the matter. This position was initially mooted by Somali Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble on 9 January when he announced that the government was planning to move forward with the elections without Jubaland and Puntland, organizing the elections in three of Somalia’s five federal statesGalmudug, Hirshabelle and South West Stateand Mogadishu MunicipalityTo date, no further steps have been taken to begin this process.  

During a 25 January visit to Garowe, the capital of Puntland, Swan met with Puntland President Said Abdullahi Deni. Speaking to the media after the meeting, Swan said that there was a need for constructive compromise between the Federal Government and Federal Member States to reach agreement over implementation of the electoral process” given that it is in the national interest. Speaking to the Council on 23 November 2020, Swan called for the country’s political consensus to be “preserved and indeed deepened”. 

In addition to the political instability caused by the uncertain electoral process, regional relations and the security situation in the country have also been challenging in recent monthsOn 30 November 2020Somalia expelled Kenya’s ambassador, with Somalia’s information minister, Osman Dube, claiming that Kenya “continues meddling in [Somalia’s] internal political affairs andhas ignored [Somalia’s] previous calls to stop violating [the country’s] sovereignty”. The expulsion came after a meeting between Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta and Musa Bihi Abdi, the leader of Somaliland, whose 1991 declaration of independence from Somalia has not been recognised by any UN member state. At the meeting, Kenya announced that it would open a consulate in Hargeisa, Somaliland’s capital, and begin direct flights between Nairobi and Somaliland. Somalia also accused Kenya of putting pressure on Puntland’s federal authorities to boycott the parliamentary elections. 

On 25 January, fighting between Somali federal troops and Jubaland state forces resulted in the death of 11 civilians in Bula Hawaa town near the border with Kenya. Dube claimed that the attack was undertaken by “Kenya and its guerrilla rebels”, which the Kenyan authorities denied. In a 25 January letter to the AU, the Kenyan government warned of large-scale displacement of civilians and further destabilisation in the region if the fighting in the area continued. On 26 January, the AU called on the parties to de-escalate tensions through dialogue.  

Key Issues and Options

Council members will continue to follow closely progress towards parliamentary and presidential elections, including how the dialogue evolves between the Somali federal government and the governments of the federal member states, especially Jubaland and Puntland. Council members may wish to consider adopting a press statement noting the need for the elections to be organised through a consensual approach and in a timely manner. 

On 8 January, the Council received the Secretary-General’s independent assessment on the configuration of AMISOMRequired under resolution 2520 renewing AMISOM’s mandate last year, the report offers a series of conclusions and recommendations on the future work of AMISOM and its relations with the Somali federal government and security forces. The assessment is likely to guide the Council’s work as it considers how to adjust AMISOM’s and UNSOM’s priorities in 2021. 

Council Dynamics

There is broad consensus among Council members regarding the challenges facing Somalia. However, members remain divided on the way ahead, and differences have emerged on the Council’s approach to the countryOn 12 November 2020for example, China and Russia abstained on resolution 2551, whichamong other issues, renewed the partial lifting of the arms embargo on Somali security forces. Both Russia and China argued for the inclusion of benchmarks that could begin the path towards lifting the arms embargo while objecting to the inclusion of human rights language.   

There are likely to be further differences of opinion over the current political impasse. A number of members might be reluctant to address Somalia’s internal electoral processesclaiming that such a move could interfere in the country’s internal matters. 

The Secretary-General’s independent assessment may also illuminate further divisions: some members see AMISOM as a crucial bulwark against the armed group Al-Shabaab and believe that removing its authorisation could create a destabilising security vacuum. EU members on the Council, and the UK, as major financial sponsors of AMISOM, are eager to see tangible improvement on the ground. Kenya, which joined the Council on 1 January, remains one of the top contributors to AMISOM and as a close neighbour is likely to be actively engaged in discussions on Somalia.  

The UK is the penholder on Somalia.

 

 

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