We want to answer these questions first – Somalia we want


  1. What is the Somalia we want?
  2. We want a Somalia that is free of violent, conflict and war! What leadership does produce to get that result?
  3. We want a Somalia that is free from poverty! What kind of leadership do we need to create to end that poverty?
  4. We want Somalia that is driven by inspiration and unity for all! Where is the leadership, how do we create?
  5. We want Somalia that is free from corruption! How do we produce a leadership that is not corrupt?


These are the questions we have to answer and it’s not easy to answer. But we need critical self-assessment of ourselves as Somalis.
We’ve to discuss about qualities of leadership, challenges will face and so on.


For example, let’s say performance of the current president whose term ended on 8th February,2021 and is being in the office for 4 years and now trying to extend.

  1. Did Farmaajo provide this kind of leadership that is suitable for this Somalia we want? What did he go wrong?
  2. Does he deserve to give extension to correct his mistakes or he has to step down?


Let’s go to what we’re supposed to do, so that we sit as people of the country and say to the president:

You’re Misbehaving.
You’re stealing public resources
You’ve accessed power in order to put money in your pocket or oppress.
This is not the leadership we want
You’re not helping but deserting

But, we’re not doing that absolutely because we’re afraid; we’re afraid to speak frankly to one another about the wrong thing we do, and I think if we don’t do that. We will need a century a head to discuss the same questions.

In conclusion, I think that critical self-assessment of the country is necessary and I mean really critical, truthful self-assessment, that is really an important steps forward in terms of producing this kind of leadership which Somalia want.




Abdikarim Mohamed
Director & CEO of Hawraar Institute
Hawraar Institute is a Somali think tank that conduct research & advocacy on democratic governance, regional peace and security, HR, and counter-radicalization.

Examining impact of Covid-19 on higher education Institutions In Somalia

The coronavirus (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease that affects the education system of different income level countries (Wajdi et al., 2020). The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has been recognized that the coronavirus pandemic outbreak has impacted the educationsystem in the world (UNESCO, 2020b). A lot of pandemics have occurred in human history, and affected human life, education system, and economic development in the world (Editors, 2020). The World Health Organization (WHO) (WHO, 2020a) on March 11, 2020, has officially announced that coronavirus (COVID-19) is a pandemic after it covers 114 countries in 3 months and infects more than 118,000 people in the world. The first COVID-19 case has reported by Wuhan Municipal Health Commission on December 31, 2019, in the Hubei Province, China (WHO, 2020b). The coronavirus pandemic is quickly spreading and affecting 213 territories and countries throughout the world. In the world about 30,086,319 of total cases, 21,833,645 of total recovered and 945,962 of total deaths were recorded until September 17, 2020 (Worldometer, 2020).
Due to the boundless of Corona infection’s (Corona virus) in Somalia, following the education center’s essentials of “determined educating and learning,”. Most Somali schools and universities have started internet preparing. During a short period, an outsized number of representatives started to educate before a PC screen, and their understudies got the chance to stay to gathering and take the courses through the on the Zoom meetings platform and google class meetings (Abdikarim, 2020).
After first case of COVID-19 confirmed in Somalia on 16th March, 2020, the Public and private health systems were weak and not prepared to face the epidemic. Soon after the education centers were ordered to close down and people are urged to take measures preventing COVID19. Most of education institutes in Somalia are private and preferred to continue providing their lectures through teaching to online platforms as alternative approach. The main aspects during this restrictions includes that most students were not equipped using computer devices and online platforms that made their learning more difficult.
Thereafter, the country faced its worst for months government, businessmen and scholars joined powers to prevent the pandemic, this includes establishing hot line call center 449 for emergency response for people to receive awareness and health care services, for the first three months the cases reached its’ peak and then after months cases dropped till end of August, 2020 where only less than 10 cases where reported, and all educational institutions in the country reopened.
During that time COVID19 impact on the closure of schools led to the dramatic fall down of the high school after examination marks in decade. The students who failed the high school final exam were mostly students from the Banadir region where COVID19 cases at highest.
This report briefly explores how COVID-19 impacted the higher education sector in Mogadishu. The brief puts special emphasis on universities and secondary schools shifted to online schools, the teaching format, communication between students and the teachers, disciplines of the student during online class; financial glitches of the universities and schools and lastly effects it could have this upcoming examination on May or June, 2021. The report last gives conclusions and recommendations on education policies and importance to invest online education platforms.

Download report here